Andhra Pradesh offers a large pool of skilled manpower. Above 98,000 engineering graduates, 12,000 management graduates, and 3,50,000 English-speaking graduates pass out every year. About 23 per cent of India's software professionals within and outside the country are from Andhra Pradesh.
In 2008-09, the state had about 494 approved engineering colleges, out of which major part of the total capacity was allotted for Information Technology. The state has dedicated institutions for biotechnology, ITES/BPO and other industries. The Government has set up a number of institutions in collaboration with prestigious institutions to reach world-class standards in education. Some of these include:
Apart from universities, there has also been a huge rise in the number of schools, teachers, and admissions. Meanwhile, new technical and vocational courses were designed in order to inculcate professional knowledge into youth. The objective was also to make students competitive on the global spectrum.
- International Institute of Information Technology established by IBM, Motorola, Signal Tree, Oracle and Satyam
- Indian School of Business with the Wharton School, the Kellogg School of Management and London School of Business
- Master of Science in IT Programme (MSIT) in collaboration with the Carnegie Mellon University
- Andhra Pradesh is the first to launch a world-class training programme for ITES/BPO
- National Academy for Construction and the Knowledge Park
- 5+2+3 School education system, i.e, five years of primary education, 2 years of upper primary, and 3 years of secondary.
- Total of 96,280 schools, out of which, there are 62,162 primary schools, 17,823 upper primary, and 16,292 high schools and higher secondary schools as of 2006-07.
- In March 2007, total enrollments were of 13.85 million students.
- In 2006-07, total number of teachers was 438,155
- In the streams of agriculture, engineering and technology, home science, para-medical, business and commerce, and humanities, 33 vocational courses are offered in 814 junior colleges.
- Total enrollment of students in conventional and vocational courses for the year 2006-2007 was 6,97,610
The state provides better and advanced healthcare facilities with a presence of Super Speciality Hospitals. Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh, has been recognised as the 'Health Capital' of the country.
- There are 253 hospitals across the state (2006-2007)
- 19 district hospitals with 4,900 beds
- 57 area hospitals with 5,900 beds
- 117 community health centres with 4,600 beds
- 10 speciality hospitals with 824 beds and 25 dispensaries
The state plans to start a large number of research institutions like International Centre for Research in Semi-arid Agriculture Technologies (ICRISAT),
Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology etc. The state has introduced various biotech courses in the universities at all levels and plans to set up the Indian Institute of Life Sciences.
- Hyderabad has around 60 hospitals which classify as authorised centres for providing medical services
- Approximately 3,800 beds in tertiary care hospitals
- Additional 700 beds are expected to be added in the coming few years
Andhra Pradesh is well linked internally as well as to the rest of the world. All airports in the state have been upgraded to Boeing landing facilities. In 2002-03, it had highest number of landing centres in the country at 508. The state is active in encouraging the private sector to improve the port infrastructure. Three ports have been privatised in the state. Likewise, there have been progressions in Railway, Metro Rail, and Road transports.
- National highways: 15 national highways in the state cover a length of 4,648 km. Out of this, 1,125 km is four-lane, 3,158 km is two-lane and 365 km is single-lane.
- State road and building (R&B) department roads: Total R&B road network in AP was 63,625 km as of March 2006. Of these, state highways constituted 10,217 km, major district roads constituted 32,222 km and rural roads constituted 21,186 km
- Panchayatiraj roads: A total of 1,23,280 km of panchayati roads available as of March 2007
Mass Rapid Transit Service (MRTS)
- South Central Railway covers a network of 4,752 km in the state
- Secunderabad is the headquarters of the South Central Railways
- Total of 748 railway stations in the state – the network comprises of 3,754 km of broad guage and 508 km of metre guage tracks.
- In March 2006, work as started for Hyderabad's metro rail, which will operate from January 2009
- Three proposed corridors will be opened by the end of December 2010
- The total project cost has been calculated at US$ 2,120.5 billion
- Approximately 35 percent of the total project cost will be shared by the governments of both, centre and state.
- Build, operate and transfer (BOT) – developers, who will invest 65 percent of the project cost, will be permitted to operate trains and collect revenue through tickets and advertisements for 35 years. Later, the entire project would be handed over to the state government.
- International airport at Hyderabad and domestic airports at Visakhapatnam, Tirupati, Rajahmundry, Warangal, Vijayawada, Donakonda, Kadapa, and Puttaparthy
- Besides all leading domestic destinations across India, state capital, Hyderabad is connected to all major International destinations such as Amsterdam, Bangkok, Chicago, Frankfurt, Dubai, Singapore, Sharjah, London, Kuala Lumpur, etc
- New International airport at Hyderabad – the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport – near Shamshabad (about 27 km from Hyderabad)
- This airport has replaced the former International airport of the city at Begumpet
- It has been built by Hyderabad International Airport Limited (HIAL), a public-private joint venture between GMR Group, Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad and both the State Government of Andhra Pradesh and Airports Authority of India (AAI)
- The total cost of the project is US$ 560 million and is built on an area of 5449 acres.
To provide a suitable atmosphere for setting up asset management, venture capital companies, insurance companies, commercial banks, a Financial District is being set-up in Hyderabad. With the establishment of Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority headquarters at Hyderabad, the state has been recognised as the 'Insurance Capital.'
- Andhra Pradesh is considered to be the second-highest cargo-handling state in India
- It has one major port at Visakhapatnam, two intermediate ports and 10 minor ports within the state.
- The Visakhapatnam port handles largest tonnage among all Indian ports. Other minor ports in the state include Kakinada, Krishnapatnam, Vadarevu and Gangavaram.
Andhra Pradesh is the third largest power utility in the country with a total power generation of 52,574.86 MW (2005-06). Many projects are under various stages of implementation to generate 4,715 MW by 2009. Among all Indian states, Andhra Pradesh has progressed well in reforming its energy sector (privatisation, separation of generation from transmission and distribution etc)
Vast natural gas reserves found in Krishna-Godavari basin with 47 million standard cubic metres per day, have opened up immense possibilities for environment-friendly industrial and socio-economic development in Andhra Pradesh.
- Highest PLF of 88.9 per cent in the country
- Highest hydel installed capacity in the country
- The first underground powerhouse in the south, Srisailam complex is the largest hydro power station with an installed capacity of 1,670 MW in the country
- Pochampad Hydroelectric Scheme is the first to use microprocessor controls in powerhouses in the country
- One of the leading producers of thermal power in the country
- Thermal plants achieved top three positions in PLF rankings in India in 2003
- 28,366 MU of energy available from various sources during 2006-2007
- As of 2006-2007, the number of weaker section housing colonies electrified were 27,957
- Number of dalit-wadis electrified are 54,042
- Per capita consumption was 673 Kwh in 2006-2007
- Around 25,28,035 agricultural consumers were accounted for as of March 2007
The state with 272 industrial estates ranks second in in the country. The state has four growth centres at Bobbili, Jadcheria, Hindupur and Ongole. The state has two Special Economic Zones at Visakhapatnam and Kakinada facilitating a good environment for exports and investment. The state ranks third in worker population and fourth in the total number of factories.
Special Economic Zones (SEZ)
Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP)
- Formal approval to 71 SEZs
- In-principle approval to 19 SEZs
- 52 Notified SEZs
Integrated Infrastructure Development Centres (IIDC)
- To be set up in an area of 204 acres
- AP Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Ltd (APIIC) is developing the park at an estimated cost of US$ 35.36 million
Developed to establish industries in rural/backward areas and to provide strong linkages between agriculture and industry
1.IIDC, Udumulapur, near Nandyal, Kurnool district
2.IIDC, Tada, Nellore district
3.IIDC, Keelapattu, Warangal district
4.IIDC, Madikonda, Warangal distrct
5.IIDC, Gajularamaram, Ranga Reddy district
6.IIDC, Surampally, Vijayawada, Krishna district
Crtitical Infrastructure Balancing Scheme (CIBS)
Different industrial parks and valleys have been established while some related projects are in the pipeline. One of such examples is Larsen and Toubro (L&T) Infocity Limited. Spread across 158 acres at Madhapur, this organisation has been formed by the collaboration of the AP Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Ltd (APIIC) and Larsen and Toubro (L&T).
- To fund industrial associations/service societies/NGOs for development of crtitical Infrastructure
- In 2006-2007, an amount of US$ 0.487 million was allocated towards this scheme
Andhra Pradesh is connected to all the global destinations through international gateways in Mumbai, Chennai and Kochi. The state developed a number of IT parks offering incentives to the investors. The state is in the top quartile of Internet subscribers with 219,000 in 2003. Included under Virtual Infrastructure, Internet has also played a pivotal role in creating a far-reaching impact of the states' policies. Internet Infrastructure is composed of the elements like E-seva, Rajiv Internet Village, AP Online, and E-procurement.
- Two phases of Hi-Tech City, the largest of its kind in the country
- Optical Fibre Cable (OFC) of 27,000 km in length laid by BSNL
- Offers up to five levels of telecom redundancy
- Bandwidth of 365 Mbps out of Hyderabad and 100 Mbps out of other cities
- Satellite earth station - Ku band network
- Postal infrastructure includes 16,213 offices and I 18 telegraph offices